Derby is a Unitary Authority based on the county town of Derby in the middle of England which has over 230,000 inhabitants over an area of 30 sq miles. Derby has been settled for over 2000 years and was invaded by the Vikings, the Romans and even the Scots ‘Jacobites’ stayed in Derby on their way south. A statue of Bonnie Prince Billy is displayed in Cathedral Green to commemorate his stay in The George Inn in Derby.
The largest current employers in Derby are Rolls-Royce, Toyota Motor Corporation, Bombardier, Egg Finance, Alstom and British Rail. Derby played an important part in the Industrial Revolution with mills, textiles, railway construction and distribution of goods all making Derby one of the centres of industrialisation.
Famous inhabitants of Derby include: Scientist Henry Cavendish, industrialist Sir Henry Royce, engineer Sir Frank Whittle, ex Prime Minister Frank Lamb, author Samuel Richardson and nurse extraordinaire Florence Nightingale.
Popular visitor attractions in Derby are Derby Cathedral and Derby Gaol.